The effort to establish a Palestinian state may suffer additional setbacks.
The new temporary Security Council members usually support the position of the United States, a UN analyst has said.
"This election won't help the Palestinian cause," Jeff Laurenti was quoted as saying by Businessweek on Saturday. Laurenti is a UN analyst with the Century Foundation
"Guatemala will be in favor of everything Palestinian until the Americans tell them otherwise. They can be persuaded to abstain," Laurenti added.
This past Friday, Pakistan, Morocco, Togo and Guatemala were elected to the 15-nation UN Security Council for 2012 and 2013.
The new countries replaced Lebanon, Nigeria, Gabon and Brazil. These previous council members were expected to support the Palestinian statehood bid.